Pathfinder Series

Kaum Peranakan Asia Tenggara pathfinder:

The first pathfinder created is of Kaum Peranakan Asia Tenggara collection by USM Library in 2010.

This collection consists of materials that are related to the 4 well known peranakans group in Malaysia which are: Jawi Peranakan, Cina Peranakan, India Peranakan (Chetti) and Siam Peranakan (kaum Melayu Sam-Sam).

  • The Peranakan Chinese are descendants of Chinese traders who settled in Malacca and around the coastal areas of Java and Sumatra, as early as the 14th century. In the 19th century, the Peranakan Chinese, drawn by commerce, migrated to the bustling ports of Penang and Singapore.
  • The Chitty Melaka, or Peranakan Indians, descended from unions between South Indian Hindu merchants and local women, from the time of the Malacca Sultanate in the 15th century. Linguistically, the Peranakan Indians speak a type of vernacular Malay which incorporates some Tamil words.
  • The Jawi Peranakans (or Jawi Pekan) are descendants of intermarriage between South Indian-Muslim traders and women of the local community. The Jawi Peranakans clustered around urban centres, particularly in the trading port of Penang.
  • The Siam Peranakans (Melayu Sam-Sam) are descendants of intermarriage between Siamese and Malay locals of northern region of Malaysia particularly in the state of Perlis and Kedah.

Lannaa collection pathfinder:

In 2011, during the 7th AUNILO Meeting in Philippines, Chiang Mai University Library agreed to add Lannaa collection pathfinder into the portal. Lannaa collection is one of the digital heritage collection owned by Chiang Mai University Library. It consists of information about the Laanaa people, their food and photographs related to the community.


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